Hessian Fabric

What is Hessian Fabric? - Definition & Classification

Have you ever thought about leaning on the couch and thinking about what the cushion is made of?

You can guess it now. That’s right, there’s Hessian fabric inside a cushion.

But what exactly is the hessian fabric?

Hessian fabric, or burlap, is a coarsely woven fabric made from jute fibers. It's a strong, breathable, and biodegradable fabric. It is used in packaging, agriculture, crafts, and outdoor applications.

Hessian fabric was invented in India. In 1600 BC, jute was used to make fabric in India. It gradually started to gain popularity in different clothing segments in the 19th century.

Hessian fabric is important due to its biodegradable nature, versatility, water-resistant quality, decorative use cases, and cheap price.

Pretty cool, right? Why not dig a little deeper into the topic?

Types of Hessian Fabric

When it comes to classification, the Hessian fabric can be classified into: 

  1. Plain hessian 
  2. Dyed hessian
  3. Fire-radiant hessian
  4. Bituminized hessian

 Let's discuss them in more detail.

1. Plain hessian

This is the first type of hessian fabric that is used to make bags, rugs, and decorative items. It’s a basic hessian fabric made from jute fiber. The plain hessian fabric is strong, durable, and relatively inexpensive.

2. Dyed Hessian

Dyed hessian is a color option with affordability. It also has an excellent capacity to withstand wear and tear. This one is particularly useful for making decorative items and wall hangings.

3. Fire-radiant Hessian

This particular type of hessian is produced with a fire-retardant finish. The treatment makes the fabric more resistant to catching fire and slows down the spread of flames.

Fire radiant Hessian is used for industrial packaging, which is mainly designed for materials that have the potential to ignite flames. It is also cheap, strong, and durable.

4. Bituminized hessian

Bituminized hessian is hessian fabric coated with bitumen, an asphalt-like substance. What’s the benefit of this?

Well, bituminized hessian fabric is biodegradable, so it’s eco-friendly. It’s strong and durable as well. And what's its signature part? It’s water-resistant.

That’s why the fabric is mostly used in construction areas where temporary water barriers are required.

This is also used in agriculture and horticulture as a protective covering for plants, soil erosion control, or a weed barrier.

5. Laminated Hessian

Laminated hessian fabric is basically hessian fabric that has gone through a cool process called lamination.

What happens is that a thin layer of material, like plastic or rubber, gets applied to the fabric.

This extra layer works wonders! It makes the fabric more resistant to water, so you don't have to worry about it getting all soggy in wet conditions.

Plus, it adds an extra layer of durability, making the fabric tougher and able to withstand more wear and tear.

So, if you need something that can handle the outdoors or tough environments, laminated hessian fabric is the way to go. It's like giving your fabric a superhero suit for extra protection!

Applications Of Hessian Fabric

Hessian fabric has a variety of practical applications, such as:

  1. Packaging: It's great for making sacks and bags to transport agricultural products like grains and coffee beans.
  2. Home Decor: Use it to cover furniture or make curtains, cushions, and table runners for a natural, rustic look.
  3. Agriculture and Gardening: Hessian tree guards protect plants from frost or store seeds and veggies in hessian sacks.
  4. Erosion control: Prevent soil erosion by covering slopes with hessian fabric.
  5. Landscaping: Keep weeds at bay and wrap the root balls of trees and shrubs during planting. 
  6. Crafts and DIY: Get creative with hessian fabric—make handbags, rugs, or unique gift wrap.
  7. Construction: Use it to temporarily protect surfaces, cover scaffolding, or create temporary fences.
  8. Plant Protection: Hessian fabric can be used as a protective covering for plants in outdoor settings. It shields plants from harsh weather conditions, such as frost or excessive sunlight.

What are the Benefits of Hessian Fabric?

When it comes to the benefits of hessian fabric, it is affordability, aesthetics, and eco-friendliness.

One of the most important benefits of the Hessian fabric is its capacity to block water, which makes it a go-to fabric for controlling soil erosion.

Here are other benefits:

  1. Eco-friendly: It's made from natural jute fibers, so it's biodegradable.
  2. Breathable: The coarse weave allows air to circulate, keeping things fresh.
  3. Strong and durable: It can handle heavy loads and rough handling.
  4. Versatile: It works for packaging, protection, erosion control, and crafts.
  5. Affordable: It's cost-effective, especially for larger quantities.
  6. Natural charm: The rustic look adds a unique touch to decor and crafts. 
  7. Insulating: It regulates temperature and moisture in certain applications
  8. Aesthetic: Hessian has a rustic, natural look that can be used to add a touch of style to any décor.


Hessian fabric, also known as burlap, is like the tough guy of fabrics. It's made from jute fibers and has a coarse texture and simple weave that give it a unique charm.

The cool thing is, you can use it for all kinds of stuff! Need to package something? Working in agriculture? It's got you covered. Into crafts? Yup, it's perfect for that too.

Oh, and let's not forget about outdoor projects—hessian fabric is a real champ there! It's strong, lets the air flow through, and adds a natural touch to everything.

Plus, it's eco-friendly! So next time you're in need of something sturdy and versatile, give the hessian fabric a go. It's got your back for all those practical uses and then some!

So, wrap it up and comment on your experience with hessian fabric!

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is Hessian Fabric Waterproof?

Hessian fabric, also known as burlap, is not naturally waterproof. The fibers of jute it's made from can absorb moisture instead of repelling it.

However, you can enhance its water resistance by applying treatments or coatings.

For example, adding bitumen to hessian will make it temporarily water-repellent which can be used in many applications.

2. Can Hessian Fabric Be Used Outdoors?

Hessian fabric is great for outdoor use! It helps control erosion, protects plants, creates temporary structures, aids in landscaping, and protects surfaces in construction.

Just keep in mind that it's not waterproof for the long term. But for short-term or temporary outdoor projects, the hessian fabric is a versatile choice!

3. What are the advantages of Hessian sacks?

Hessian sacks are pretty awesome for a bunch of reasons. First off, they're super durable, so you can trust them to handle heavy loads without a hitch.

Plus, their coarse weave lets the air flow through, keeping things fresh and avoiding any moisture buildup.

They're eco-friendly too! You get a lot of bang for your buck with these sacks. Plus, that rustic look adds a nice touch to the whole package.

So, if you're looking for a practical and sustainable packaging solution, hessian sacks have got your back!

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